water purification methods

5 Simple and Efficient Water Purification Methods

Table of Contents

  1. Effective Methods for Water Purification
  2. Boiling
  3. Chlorination
  4. Solar Purification
  5. Clay Vessel Filtration
  6. Desalination
  7. Need for Water Purifiers


Approximately 60 per cent of the human body is made up of water. This is also the reason why water is one of the most basic necessities for human beings. We require water for a number of bodily functions, and a lack of it can result in dehydration, leading to several other health problems. However, it is also important to ensure that the water you are consuming is clean and free from any contaminants.

Otherwise, it can cause a number of infections and waterborne diseases. There are limited freshwater resources on the earth, which are also being contaminated by the constantly increasing environmental pollution. As a result, having access to clean drinking water is no less of a challenge nowadays. In such a scenario, the need for water purification arises.

Effective Methods for Water Purification

There are several water purification methods that people use to make water suitable for consumption. Here is a list of 5 methods of water purification that are known to be most effective:

1. Boiling

Boiling is a traditional method of water purification that is still commonly used by a lot of people. This is a simple yet effective process that involves heating water at a high temperature (100°C) for some time. It kills most of the pathogenic organisms, including viruses and bacteria, present in water. Boiling also eliminates certain other impurities from water and reduces the risk of any kind of waterborne disease or infection.

Also Read: Can Water Purifier Prevent Diseases?

2. Chlorination

Chlorination, as the name suggests, is the process of adding a certain amount of chlorine to drinking water. When added in the recommended quantities, chlorine helps kill any kind of parasite, bacteria, or virus present in the water. It is one of the most effective methods of chemical purification of water. There are several compounds that can be used as chlorinating products. Some of them include sodium hypochlorite solution (NaOCl), solid calcium hypochlorite (Ca(OCl)2), etc. Other than this, chlorine is also available as compressed elemental gas, which can be used in this at-home water purification method.

3. Solar Purification

Often referred to as solar water disinfection, this is another popular water purification method. This process involves using solar energy to eliminate certain impurities and contaminants from water. This method uses a mixture of electricity generated by solar PV panels, solar heating, and solar ultraviolet light collection. A solar water purifier is a vessel that uses solar heat to take water to a near-boiling point for a short period of time to get rid of bacteria and viruses. However, this method can only be used for biologically contaminated water and cannot eliminate any kind of chemical contaminants. In addition to this, solar purification is more suitable for treating smaller quantities of water.

4. Clay Vessel Filtration

This is another popular traditional water purification method that people have been using for centuries. In this method, a pot made of porous ceramic (fired clay) is used to filter out any microbes and other contaminants from the water. This clay vessel majorly works as a medium of filtration in the water purification process. In early times, people used to keep clay pots to purify muddy water. These pots can easily block the mud particles, allowing clean, potable water to pass through.

5. Desalination

This is another effective method commonly used for making water suitable for consumption. As the name suggests, desalination is the process of removing salts or other minerals from water. Generally, this method is used to treat seawater and brackish water due to their high salt content. The good thing is that desalination can also eliminate certain contaminants from the water, along with salt. This is the reason why it has become a popular solution to obtain freshwater for human consumption and domestic/industrial uses.

Need for Water Purifiers

All these at-home water purification methods have certain limitations. Some of them are time-consuming, while others are only suitable for treating smaller quantities. In such a scenario, electric water purifiers emerge as a better solution that is more effective than all these methods. They use a multi-stage process to eliminate almost all kinds of chemical contaminants and other impurities, making it safe for drinking. Nowadays, water purifiers come equipped with advanced technologies such as UV and UF filtration, carbon blocks, etc.

Here are a few key advantages of using an efficient water purifier:

  • Better protection from harmful waterborne diseases 
  • Easy elimination of heavy metals and other impurities 
  • Less time-consuming 
  • Improved water quality 

If you are struggling to find the best water purifier for your home, explore the extensive range offered by Livpure Smart. Available with easy subscription plans with zero hidden charges, our water purifiers are equipped with modern filtration technology and come with several advanced features. There’s also the Livpure Smart app that lets you control and monitor the water purifier seamlessly, keeping you well informed about aspects like the amount of water being consumed, routine maintenance and service schedule.


Also Read: What is Water Footprint?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *